Classic Country

Convoy By C. W. McCall Song Meaning, Trucker Slang and CB Lingo, 10-4

todayOctober 2, 2023 1202 7 5

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“Mercy sake’s alive, looks like we got us a convoy.”

If these words give you goose bumps or take you back to a time that seems so distant now, we may be about the same age. I was always ready to go on the highway, hoping a convoy would form, and I could be a part. CB radio culture was a part of my childhood, good buddy.

My Dad was a CB enthusiast. He had a snazzy handle that still makes him turn around if you say it to this day, but now it comes with a little smile. You can see the open road in his eyes. He wanted to be a part of the community that CB radio offered. My mom had one in her car too. Oh how she loved to “put the hammer down.” She actually had it installed for the safety aspect. She let the kids to operate it, but saw it as a necessity when she was traveling with children. That radio could be a lifeline if there were car trouble or worse, an accident in the middle of nowhere. On-Star didn’t exist back then, and there were no cell phones. You were on the highway alone, and not being tracked by family members on an app.

My Mom knew a trucker would help her and her kids in a crisis, and if something went wrong, she would call for more. While the need never materialized, in the summer of 1977, we were able to help a trucker whose rig had overturned on a narrow highway. He was frightened and calling out on the CB. My Mom located him. We were able to get him out of his cab, away from the rig, and drove him to a police station in the next town.

Sometimes the men of the highway could be a bit crass and vulgar, but it came with the territory. It was a different time. As a child, having to explain to my Mom that she just got called a “goodlookin’ beaver,” and what that meant, presented an unusual challenge. I can’t imagine it today. We’ll define “beaver” later in the article, but I am pretty sure that you got it already.

The heyday of the Citizen’s Band Radio was in the 1970s. CB radios had moved from just being used by truckers to communicate, to a cultural phenomenon. CB radios were a product of post World War II America. Surplus radios from the war led amateur operators to lay the foundation for CB communications, and the government later set aside bandwidth for their commercial use. By the 1970s, Americans caught on to the craze and had the radios installed in their cars and motorhomes, while also adopting cute CB handles (think screen name used to identify yourself anonymously).

Most cultural shifts or short term fads have a spark. It should be argued, if it has not already, that the song “Convoy,” performed by C. W. McCall, was the spark that brought CBs into the mainstream in the 1970s. Convoy is a popular country and trucker-themed song written by Bill Fries, an advertising jingle writer, and Chip Davis. It was performed by Fries’s alter ego, C. W. McCall. The song was released in 1975, and became a massive hit in the United States, reaching #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and selling more than two million copies.

The song “Convoy” tells the story of a group of truckers, who form a convoy (caravan), and use their CB radios to communicate with each other as they drive across the United States in protest of paper logs and speed limits, then reduced to 55 miles per hour to save energy. The convoy’s leader is known as “Rubber Duck,” and he and his fellow truckers are trying to avoid the Smokeys (police). The song’s lyrics are filled with trucker slang and references to the CB radio culture of the time. I am going to make a fun list below so you can impress your people with trucker talk. Just make sure you get the right kind of hat as a prop.

If you will allow me, since we don’t inundate you with obstructive advertisements to click and close, let me selfishly promote the best classic country radio station in Texas, Austin’s, Bull Classic Country. We play C. W. McCall’s “Convoy” and every other song you loved back then. You can download our app from this website, or search Bull Classic Country in the app stores. We are a good time.

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Back to the program. There was an entire subgenera of country music at the time for truckers. You could buy compilations of country, trucker songs at most truck stops. Back then, they would have been on 8-track tapes, the popular, personal audio format of the time for playback in cars and homes. As “Convoy” shot up the Billboard charts, so too did the excitement for CB radios among everyday Americans.

Hollywood is no stranger to capitalizing on trends, and a movie was made in 1978 about the song “Convoy” starring Highwayman, Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw and Ernest Borgnine. A new version of the song was created for and told the events of the movie. It was written by Fries and Davis and performed by “C.W. McCall.” The 1978 movie, Smokey and The Bandit, starring Burt Reynolds, Jerry Reed and Sally Field, also capitalized on the popularity of CB radios.

It Was The 6th of June and Truckers Were Fed Up

The convoy begins on the 6th of June. “Rubber Duck” was the leader of a group of truckers, who were fed up with a newly imposed speed limit of 55 miles per hour as a result of the 1973 oil embargo. They were also angry with what they called swindle sheets (paper logs) that were checked at chicken coups (weigh stations). Both the speed limits and the paper logs slowed down their ability to deliver and thus, earn a living. They convoy gathered to make a statement, and break some laws as a part of the protest. They exceeded the speed limits and tore up the paper logs, while using CB radio communication to keep each other informed about the smokeys and bears (law enforcement) that were getting smart and organizing to stop the convoy. The CB slang name for the police was smokeys and bears due to the hats that they wore resembling Smokey The Bear’s hat. He was a cartoon character that taught children about forest fire prevention.

Leaving Los Angeles

The convoy starts in Shaky Town (trucker slang for Los Angeles, California). Rubber Duck, the leader, is heading east on 1-10, tells his good buddy, Pig Pen, that it looks clear to his destination of Flag Town (New Jersey), and it was safe to put the hammer down (break the speed limit). Other truckers begin to join in the dark of the night and the convoy forms.

The First Sign of Trouble in Tulsa

By the time they were heading up I-44 to Tulsa, Oklahoma, with a total of 85 trucks, the police were well aware of what was transpiring. A blockade had been created to try and stop the convoy, including “a bear in the air” (police helicopter). Rubber Duck and his growing convoy manage to get through the roadblock and continue northeast on I-44 heading to Chi-Town (Chicago) “like a rocket-sled on rails” (speeding).

Law Enforcement Escalation in Chicago

Chicago presented more problems. The Illinois National Guard had been enlisted to help the police. The law enforcement escalation was apparent to the truckers. There were armored cars, tanks, jeeps and rigs of every size in addition to state and local police patrol. There was also heavy police presence at very weigh station. However, by that time, the convoy had grown to 1000 trucks, and my favorite part of the story, the addition of “11 long-haired friends of Jesus in a chartreuse micro-bus” (Christian hippies in a, popular at the time, Volkswagen van), who were along for the fun of it.

What’s A Suicide Jockey?

By this time in the journey, they were going so fast, Rubber Duck began to worry about one particular truck, which was carrying explosives. The driver was referred to as a suicide jockey. Rubber Duck decided that the micro-bus should go behind that rig because the driver needed all the help, divine help, that he could get with that cargo at that speed.

But There’s A Toll Road Ahead

Having cleared the Chicago roadblock from sheer size and speed, the next challenge, as they traveled to the Jersey Shore, was a toll road lined with law enforcement. A trap had been set, but Rubber Duck didn’t have a dime to pay the toll, probably figuratively, and the convoy crashed the toll gate doing 98 mph to reach their destination. “Let them truckers roll, 10-4!”

Let’s move on to the Lyrics. I know you are dying to read this as a story now, even if you have heard the song.

Convoy By C.W. McCall Lyrics


(Spoken Over CB Radio)

Yeah, breaker one-nine, this here’s the Rubber Duck

You gotta copy on me, Pig Pen, c’mon

Ah yeah, 10-4, Pig Pen, fer sure, fer sure

By golly, it’s clean, clear to Flag Town, c’mon

Yeah, that’s a big 10-4 there, Pig Pen

Yeah, we definitely got the front door good buddy

Mercy sake’s alive, looks like we got us a convoy


(Verse 1)

Was the dark of the moon on the sixth of June

In a Kenworth pullin’ logs

Cab-over Pete with a reefer on

And a Jimmy haulin’ hogs

We is headin’ for bear on I-1-0

‘Bout a mile outta Shaky Town

I says, Pig Pen, this here’s the Rubber Duck

And I’m about to put the hammer down



‘Cause we got a little ol’ convoy

Rockin’ through the night

Yeah, we got a little ol’ convoy

Ain’t she a beautiful sight

Come on and join our convoy

Ain’t nothin’ gonna get in our way

We gonna roll this truckin’ convoy

‘Cross the USA.


(Spoken Over CB Radio At End of Chorus)

Yeah, breaker, Pig Pen, this here’s the Duck

And, you wanna back off them hogs

Yeah, 10-4, ’bout five mile or so

10-roger, them hogs is gettin’ intense up here


(Verse 2)

By the time we got into Tulsa Town

We had eighty-five trucks in all

But they’s a roadblock up on the cloverleaf

And them bears was wall-to-wall

Yeah, them smokies is thick as bugs on a bumper

They even had a bear in the air

I says, Callin’ all trucks, this here’s the Duck

We about to go a-huntin’ bear




(Spoken Over CB Radio At End of Choruse

Uh, you wanna give me a 10-9 on that, Pig Pen

Negatory, Pig Pen, you’re still too close

Yeah, them hogs is startin’ to close up my sinuses

Mercy sake’s, you better back off another ten


(Verse 3)

Well, we rolled up Interstate 44

Like a rocket-sled on rails

We tore up all of our swindle sheets

And left ’em settin’ on the scales

By the time we hit that Chi-Town

Them bears was a gettin’ smart

They’d brought up some reinforcements

From the Illinois National Guard

There’s armored cars, and tanks, and jeeps

And rigs of every size

Yeah, them chicken coops was full of bears

And choppers filled the skies

Well, we shot the line, and we went for broke

With a thousand screamin’ trucks

And eleven long-haired friends of Jesus

In a chartreuse micro-bus

(Spoken Over CB Radio)

Yeah, Rubber Duck to Sod-buster, come over

Yeah, 10-4, Sod-buster

Listen, you wanna put that micro-bus in behind that suicide jockey

Yeah, he’s haulin’ dynamite, and he needs all the help he can get


(Verse 4)


Well, we laid a strip for the Jersey shore

Prepared to cross the line

I could see the bridge was lined with bears

But I didn’t have a doggoned dime

I says, Pig Pen, this here’s the Rubber Duck

We just ain’t a gonna pay no toll

So we crashed the gate doing ninety eight

I says “Let them truckers roll, 10-4”




(Spoken Over CB Radio)

Ah, 10-4,

Pig Pen, what’s your Twenty


Well, they oughta know what to do with them hogs out there fer sure

Well, mercy sake’s, good buddy

We gonna back on outta here

So keep the bugs off your glass

And the bears off your tail.

We’ll catch you on the flip-flop.

This here’s the Rubber Duck on the side.

We gone. ‘bye, ‘bye


So now you must curious about all the CB slang, CB jargon or CB radio lingo. Of course you are. It was colorful and created by a close-knit community completely for the airwaves. It was a club that only required a radio and antenna to join. Let’s take a look at some of the commonly used CB lingo. It’s important to note that this list is in no way complete, and the lingo would sometimes change regionally. You should be able to talk a good game with these though.


10-100 – Urgent bathroom break

10-20 – Asking for someone’s location, as in What’s your 20?

10-4 – Means OK or Message received

10-Roger – Message received

Alligator – A blown-out tire tread on the road

Back Door – Refers to the rear of a convoy or group of vehicles

Bear – Another term for a police officer

Bear Cave – A police station or headquarters

Bears in the Air – Refers to police officers in helicopters or aircraft

Beaver – A goodlookin’ woman

Big Rig – A large truck, often an 18-wheeler

Breaker, Breaker – A general call to all CB users to initiate communication

Bubba, Bubber – A friendly term for another CB user

Catch you on the Flip-Flop – A way of saying goodbye

Chicken Coop – A weigh station or inspection station

Copy That – Means I understand or I heard you

Double Nickel – Means 55 miles per hour, the speed limit in some areas

Ears On – Listening on the CB radio but not actively transmitting

Flip-Flop – To turn around or change direction

Four-Wheeler – A car or passenger vehicle

Front Door – Refers to the front of a convoy or group of vehicles

Good Buddy – A friendly way to address another CB user

Good Numbers – Used to indicate strong signal strength or clear communication

Green Stamp – Refers to a U.S. dollar bill

Hammer Down – Means to drive at high speed

Handle – A CB user’s nickname or call sign

Home 20 – A CB user’s home location

Key the Mic – To press the microphone button to transmit

Mud Duck – A CB user with a weak or noisy signal

On the Side – Indicates a driver is listening but not actively participating in the conversation

Smokey, Smokeys, Bear, Bears, Smokey The Bear – Refers to law enforcement, particularly the police

Yardstick – A mile marker or distance marker on the highway


Writing this article has made me smile, and in some parts, created nostalgic tears. I can only hope that the technologies of today will leave as big of an impact on current generations, as that technology did on me. Only time will tell. For now good buddy, until we meet again on these pages, I have to go 10-100. So, I am gonna put the air breaks on this big rig for now. I’ll be on the side with my ears on if you want to reach out about this article. I’ll catch you on the flip-flop. Copy that? 10-4. Now enjoy the song on YouTube.

Convoy By C.W. McCall

Written by: Nick Rainey

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